Egypt - National Railways Modernization Project (ENRMP)

Project Summary

Approval Date 31 Mar 2021
Signature Date 23 May 2021
Planned Completion Date 31 Dec 2028
Last Disbursement Planned Date 31 Dec 2028
Sovereign / Non-Sovereign Sovereign
Sector Transport
DAC Sector Code 21012
Environmental Category 2
Commitment U.A 114,636,286.73
Status Implementation

Project General Description

The Egypt National Railways Modernization Project (ENRMP) aims to maximize rail transport contribution to the country’s socioeconomic development and effectively support Vision-2030, whose goal is to achieve a sustainable and all-inclusive economy by 2030. Indeed, Railway transportation in Egypt is considered to be the backbone of passenger transportation, carrying 313.7 million passengers per year or 0.86 million passengers per day, mainly serving the middle-class and low-income communities. However, the rail sector has over the years been experiencing a number of operational problems and still lags-behind road transport in terms of both freight and passenger volumes. The project involves upgrading of railway signaling systems from mechanical and electrical systems to electronic interlocking system; rail renewals and installation of Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system in selected sections of Egypt’s main railways network. It will be implemented by the Egypt National Railways Authority (ENR) with an estimate total cost of EUR 765.23 million.

Project Objectives

The development objective of the proposed project is to contribute to Egypt’s socio-economic development through improved railway transport services. The Project will specifically contribute to: (i) improving safety of train operations; (ii) increasing network capacity; and (iii) improving the efficiency and reliability of train services. The impact of the above outcomes is expected to improve customer confidence in National Railways Authority (ENR) and increase in revenues and less dependency on the treasury.


The total population served by the rail transport is about 40 million people concentrated along the rail network as described above. In terms of daily and annual passenger traffic, railway transport carries about 0.86 million passengers per day (about 313.7 million passengers per year), mainly serving the middle-class and low-income communities.

Participating Organization

African Development Bank
Government of Egypt
Government of Egypt


IATI identifier 46002-P-EG-D00-009
Last Update 25 Mar 2023


Contact Details

Name Davies Bwalya MAKASA

Geographic Location

Country Egypt
Coordinates Location Name
26.04949 32.24142 Nag Hammadi
30.05 31.65 Cairo Governorate
31 29.75 Alexandria
28.9 30.6 Muhafazat Bani Suwayf
27.2 31.1 Muhafazat Asyut