|Approval Date||30 Oct 2013|
|Signature Date||27 Jan 2014|
|Planned Completion Date||30 Dec 2021|
|Sovereign / Non-Sovereign||Sovereign|
|Sector||Water Supply & Sanitation|
|DAC Sector Code||14010|
The present intervention focuses on the first phase of the The Thwake Multi-purpose Water Development Program (TMWDP). This intervention comprises a multi-purpose dam for water supply, hydropower generation and irrigation development. It will also provide regulation of flows on Athi River downstream of the dam for flood and drought mitigation. The TMWDP targets broad improvement in productivity and livelihoods over a ten-year period, ending 2023. In phase 1, the program will increase water security by providing 681 million cubic metres (MCM) of water storage, earmarked for phases 2, 3 and 4 as follow: 34 MCM for human consumption, 625 MCM for double usage (power generation and downstream irrigation), 22 MCM for upstream irrigation, and an allocation for downstream conservation flow. The main expected outcomes are increased water security within the zone of influence of the dam, a firmer foundation for the development of cross-sectorial approaches to water management, and reduction in risk factors by increasing capacity for flood and drought related disaster preparedness.
The goal of this first phase is to enhance water security. The objective is to increase water storage for rural and urban human consumption, for irrigation and livestock and for hydropower, with a principal focus on the semi-arid counties of Kitui and Makueni.
The program target beneficiaries are the 674.7 thousand people in the rural areas of Kitui and Makueni (poverty rates of 62.5% and 63.8%, respectively) and the 640 thousand people to occupy the land reserved for the new urban ICT city of Konza. Other beneficiaries comprise the institutions managing the water resources in Athi River Basin and the economy of Kenya.
African Development Fund
Ministry of Water Development
|Last Update||08 Jul 2020|
|-1.76667 37.7167||Thwake Sub-Surface Dam|