Eswatini - Mkhondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program Phase IA (MNWAP-1A)

Project Summary

Approval Date 17 Dec 2021
Signature Date 29 Aug 2022
Planned Completion Date 31 Dec 2028
Last Disbursement Planned Date 31 Dec 2028
Sovereign / Non-Sovereign Sovereign
Sector Agriculture and Rural Development
DAC Sector Code 31110
Environmental Category 1
Commitment U.A 122,721,827.48
Status Approved

Project General Description

The Eswatini Mkhondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program (MNWAP) is a top priority of the Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini. MNWAP is a holistic development program that cuts across several sectors but centered around agricultural and agro-industrial development. There is an urgent need to implement the program to benefit communities in that very poor region of the Kingdom and lay the ground for a strong industrial base to reduce the current high rate of unemployment. The program is transformative in nature and will elevate an entire region to commercial agribusiness for the benefit not only to Eswatini, but also spillover to South Africa, Mozambique, and the rest of the SADC region. MNWAP will be implemented in three overlapping phases with different financiers entering at different times and in parallel financing arrangements. Phase I of the program, MNWAP I, involves the construction of the first dam -Mpakeni Dam- and associated infrastructure in addition to the downstream development in 10,000 ha. MNWAP I has three components: i) Infrastructure Development; ii) Project Management, Engineering Supervision and Environmental and Social Management Plan, and iii) Agricultural development.

Project Objectives

The overall objective of MNWAP is to enhance food security, poverty reduction and resilience to climate change, through supporting water and irrigation infrastructure development in Eswatini. The project will contribute to poverty reduction in the target region. Increased production will lead to higher incomes for producers and improve their social and economic well-being. It will also contribute to raising agricultural productivity and growth in the agriculture sector, and significantly increase the food and nutritional security and incomes.


When completed, MNWAP I will transform about 9,400 hectares of uncultivated land into diversified commercial cash cropping. The program targets employment of 100,000 direct jobs and much more indirect work opportunities. It is estimated that the project will generate total net gross profit of at least ZAR 635 million per annum starting from the fourth year and up to ZAR 1.06 billion by year 10. Each of the 4,000 farmer households is estimated to make an income of at least ZAR 158,750 starting from the second year of production.

Participating Organization

African Development Bank
Government Of Swaziland


IATI identifier 46002-P-SZ-A00-005
Last Update 06 Feb 2023


Contact Details

Name SOLIMAN Wael Mohamed Roshdy

Geographic Location

Country Eswatini
Coordinates Location Name
-27.03333 31.95 Nsoko
-27.01667 31.65 Maloma
-27.31005 31.89198 Lavumisa
-27.21585 31.72309 Matsanjeni