ESWATINI - Mkhondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program, Phase I, Part B (MNWAP-1B)

Project Summary

Approval Date 16 Dec 2022
Planned Completion Date 31 Dec 2028
Last Disbursement Planned Date 31 Dec 2028
Sovereign / Non-Sovereign Sovereign
Sector Agriculture and Rural Development
DAC Sector Code 31110
Commitment U.A 91,512,155.29
Status Approved

Project General Description

The Mkhondvo – Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program (MNWAP) is, thus, a strategic development aimed at the attainment of the country’s economic development goals by empowering subsistence farmers on Swazi Nation Land (SNL) to convert into commercial irrigated agriculture through the provision of water infrastructure and capacity building. MNWAP will be implemented over three phases, where the first part of Phase I (MNWAP-1A) was approved for financing by the Bank in December 2021 and the second part of Phase I (MNWAP-1B) reported here. The Program will help reduce the impact of climate change as well as job creation leading to economic development. Phase 1 (part A & B) of the project entails the construction of the Mpakeni Dam (approved in 2021) and the downstream development of 4,600 hectares of cotton that will be processed for a vertically integrated textile industry (raw cotton to garments and oil). The total MNWAP-1B project cost is ZAR3,949.5 million.

Project Objectives

The objective of the Mkhondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program (MNWAP) is to increase agricultural production by providing a reliable supply of water for irrigation, contributing to increased income generating opportunities among target beneficiaries. Additionally, the project lays the ground for agro-industrial development through sustainable cotton production for garment and oil production.


The water available for Phase 1 can irrigate project development areas of 4600 hectares. The project development areas for the 4608 hectares are: 1,390ha Swazi Nation Land (SNL) at Sigwe/Maloma and Mconcwane/Mcathuvane; and 3,298ha Title Deed Land (TDL) at St Philips of which 608ha is already developed with sugarcane with water from LUSIP II. All the project areas are in the Shiselweni and Lubombo regions. The integrated development will cut across several sectors but centered around agricultural and agro-industrial development. At full implementation of MNWAPHAD (including phases 2 and 3), 30,000 ha of industrial crops will be established, with a special agro-processing zone and parallel development in transport, energy and urban development. MNWAP-HAD targets employment of about 100,000 direct jobs (out of which 30,000 are smallholder families) and many more indirect work opportunities - alleviating poverty by supporting the participation of the rural communities in sustainable agricultural production.

Participating Organization

African Development Bank


IATI identifier 46002-P-SZ-A00-006
Last Update 02 Feb 2023


Contact Details

Name SOLIMAN Wael Mohamed Roshdy

Geographic Location

Country Eswatini